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Round Table in Novorossiysk:"Ecology in the Port City"

IMG-20230426-WA0009.jpgOn 26 April 2023, a Round Table “Ecology in the Port City” was held in Novorossiysk. The environmental situation in the city became the main topic of the meeting, specifically, the issues related to the air condition.

The function held in Glebovka village was initiated by the Administration of the of the inner-city district of the city-hero. Representatives of the mayor's office, specialized territorial agencies, deputies of the Novorossiysk City Duma, scientists, experts, healthcare specialists, activists of public environmental organizations, journalists from leading regional and local media, and CPC representatives took part in the discussion. The Round Table was broadcast online in the Glebovka District - Updated subpages in VK and Telegram.

The meeting was moderated by Vasily Chumak, Head of the inner-city district of Novorossiysk City Municipality.

“Novorossiysk was and remains an industrial city, - noted Vasily Chumak. - The city is recognizable by the cement factories and the port. That is why, the environmental protection issues are viewed here through the prism of solving problems of national importance”.

Oleg Filatov, acting Head of environmental safety office of Novorossiysk Municipality, made a report to the those present on the status of the air quality control systems and prospects of monitoring system development.

“The difficulty of detecting pollution sources by the regulatory authorities is caused by the dispersion of pollutants in the air and the failure of enterprises to take into account meteorological conditions”, - emphasized Oleg Filatov.

Oleg Sheffer - representative of the territorial department of Krasnodar Territory Rospotrebnadzor in the city of Novorossiysk familiarized those present with the procedure of sampling and response to complaints from the population. He spoke about the MAC standards established by law and proposals of the Federal Service for the Regulation of Emissions of Volatile Organic Compounds.

“Over the past year, the number of air samples that we take have doubled,” - emphasized Oleg Sheffer. - We have installed two additional points within CPC operation zone and made a proposal to equip the permanent station of automatic quality control within CPC area and use tankers for crude loading equipped with recuperation units”.

The report on the composition of CPC Blend crude vapor was made by Sergey Litvinets, a well-known scientist-biotechnologist, Vice-Rector for Science and Innovation of the Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Professional Education "Vyatka State University", Candidate of Agricultural Sciences. He elaborated on odor marker substances in the composition of atmospheric emissions during the loading of liquid hydrocarbons into tankers. He compared the quantitative value of such substances in the atmosphere with the established maximum permissible concentrations. He analyzed the odor emissions in the odor units per hour (OU/h) measured by dynamic olfactometry in accordance with GOST R 58578-2019 "Rules for establishing standards and controlling odor emissions into the atmosphere”. The research deliverables helped to generate a working hypothesis, according to which the composition of CPC Blend vapor contains volatile substances with an unpleasant odor, which becomes perceptible when present in the air in ultra-low concentrations. Due to the remoteness of the loading facilities from the shore and taking into account the dispersion of emissions, the presence of such substances in the residential area will not exceed the maximum permissible concentrations. Report presentation

“Having studied the composition of CPC Blend by olfactometry, we found that this oil grade differs from the others in the presence of seven types of mercaptans (thiols). The human body has a very high sensitivity to mercaptans and will perceive their smell when MAC are not exceeded," - Sergey Litvinets noted in his speech.

Yuri Karpenko, General Director of ANO Scientific Research Institute of Human Ecology and Environmental Hygiene, PhD, gave an expert assessment of the current situation: “I can responsibly say that there is no threat to the life and health of residents. There are irritants; they are caused by an inherent genetic sensitivity to mercaptans as hazard markers. But if they were a health hazard, thiols would not be used on an industrial scale to odorize natural gas. Speaking of oncology, it should be noted that in Novorossiysk the statistics of diseases is lower than in other settlements of Krasnodar Krai”.

Statistical data on morbidity in the municipality was given by Alexander Kanakin, Chief Physician of the State Budgetary Institution Outpatient Clinic No. 1 of Novorossiysk: “Over the past three years, there has been no increase in the incidence of asthma. The increase in the number of cancer cases during the same period has decreased. Mortality statistics have not changed. There have been no complaints of gas vapor poisoning recorded. The data provided by this and the previous rapporteur prove that there is no linear correlation between CPC operation activities and the local population’s health, and the environmental situation is stable.   

In her report, Arina Nikolaeva, CPC-R Environmental Protection Manager, Ph.D., familiarized the Round Table participants with the measures taken and being taken by the Consortium as part of the Action Plan to reduce odors at CPC Marine Terminal. These include continuous monitoring and analysis of complaints from the local population, instrumental control of air quality at the boundaries of the sanitary protection zones of CPC Marine Terminal Tank Farm and Shore Facilities with residential development in coordination with Rospotrebnadzor and independent laboratories. In January 2023, an atmospheric air quality control system (AQСS) which included a permanent station and portable gas analyzers was put into pilot operation. The data on the air condition and pollutants present in the air are publicly available.

CPC has commissioned a set of scientific studies aimed at developing technologies and technical solutions to reduce pollutant emissions during loading. Possibilities of neutralization and deodorization of substances that cause unpleasant odors are are being examined. A conceptual solution of a quick-release filter element for tanker mastraisers in typical oil loading conditions has been developed. As part of R&D, the technology for absorption recovery of thiols in emissions is being developed. Report presentation​

In the course of the further discussion, the City Administration representatives, activists of public environmental organizations and residents discussed the issues of recovery of vapors from oil tankers, possible innovations and regulatory initiatives. All proposals were minuted and the minutes were handed to Novorossiysk Municipality Administration.

For information:

CPC Pipeline System is one of the major investment projects with foreign capital in energy sector in the CIS. The length of the Tengiz – Novorossiysk pipeline is 1,511 km. This route transports over two-thirds of all Kazakhstan export crude, as well as crude from Russian oil fields, including those in the Caspian Region. CPC Marine Terminal is equipped with three Single Point Moorings (SPM) that allow to load tankers safely at a significant distance offshore, also amid poor weather conditions.

CPC Shareholders: Federal Agency for State Property Management represented by Transneft (trust management) – 24%, CPC Company – 7%, KazmunayGas – 19%, Kazakhstan Pipeline Ventures LLC – 1.75%, Chevron Caspian Pipeline Consortium Company – 15%, LUKARCO B.V. - 12.5%, Mobil Caspian Pipeline Company– 7.5%, Rosneft-Shell Caspian Ventures Limited– 7.5%, BG Overseas Holding Limited– 2%, Eni International N.A. N.V. S.ar.l. – 2% and Oryx Caspian Pipeline LLC – 1.75%.